The post-flight discussion is the most critical part of an effective and efficient flight lesson. The debriefing summarizes and “caps off” the training activity. Imagine building a house and not putting a roof on the house; essentially that is a flight lesson without a proper debriefing…
Often times flight school airplanes and flight instructors (CFIs) are booked for lessons throughout the day, meaning that you as a student only have a limited window for your lesson. Due to the nature of industry-wide low wages for instructors, the more lessons a flight instructor completes in a day the more money they make. Often times this means a flight lesson ends with taxiing in, parking the aircraft, rushing into the office for a quick logbook signature and hand shake before the flight instructor rushes off to grab a snack from the vending machine, cup of water and/or making a quick pit stop in the bathroom. All of this before meeting their next student at the airplane, likely a few minutes behind schedule…
This is the reality of flight instruction at the vast majority of flight schools but it doesn’t have to be! We avoid this type of “less-than-desirable” experience at KING Aviation-Mansfield by booking 2-hour flight lessons. By allowing 2-hours, there is ample time for an approximately 1-hour flight with a proper preflight inspection and thorough pre- and post-flight briefings. We have found that this system works well and prevents undue pressure on the flight instructor to rush through the end of lessons to prevent getting too far behind.
Student pilots or certificated pilots flying with a CFI should strive to maximize the value of each learning activity, and a thorough post-flight debriefing is a vital part of this. Every flight instructor wants their students to do well and achieve their goals. The more prepared for each lesson that a student pilot is, the more productive that lesson becomes. Thus, a solid post-flight discussion arms the student with a course of action that will propel them towards success during their next flight lesson! Essentially, with a thorough post-flight discussion the ceiling on how AWESOME a student can do next time can be gets higher and higher.
There are three major pieces to an effective post flight discussion. They provide the answers to the following questions:
-What did we just do?
-Why did we do it and what is it related to that we have already done? (Think building blocks…)
-How does it move your training forward and help you reach your goals?
Here is how YOU can do this:
Walking out the door of the flight school after a lesson, every student will be better prepared for their next lesson if they can easily answer the above questions. So here is how to maximize your next flight lesson, get the following pieces of information from your instructor:
- Ensure that your instructor explains what you just did. What was good and what was sub-par about it? How can you improve, literally what actually has to happen, this will allow you to prepare for future lessons. If you did a great job with something, what can you do to maintain that level of excellence? If you didn’t do so great, what can you do to improve? It is vitally important to be able to effectively reflect on each lesson and what was learned.
One of the great things about taking a flight lesson on the weekend is that for the ENTIRE week until your next flight lesson you can reflect constantly on how COOL it was to go flying. You can think about the incredible views, the excitement you felt when you “greased” the landing or maybe the accomplishment of visiting a new airport. But, you should also capitalize on all of this time between lessons to reflect on the feedback you received during and after the lesson.
Visualization goes a long way toward success with muscle-memory type tasks, including flying! If you are able to spend some time reflecting on how to maintain your excellence of specific maneuvers and how to improve with others, you will be much better off when it comes time for your next lesson! Thinking through these maneuvers will give you mental practice with what you should be shooting for and looking at, this will undoubtedly set you up for success during you next flight lesson!
- It is NOT enough to simply understand what happened during your flight lesson. You should also understand why you did it and how it relates to what you have already completed during your training. For example, slow flight is learned before landings… Since landing is a slow flight maneuver this makes sense. A student that is good with slow flight is much more likely to succeed with mastering landings than a student that is not as good with slow flight.
One of the things that I have my students practice is slow flight with full flaps in a Cessna 172, but with a little twist! Instead of ONLY shooting for Minimum Controllable Airspeed (MCA) (the speed at which any reduction of power or increase in pitch will result in an aerodynamic stall) I have students spend some time shooting to maintain 70 knots. Once the student is stabilized at 70 knots, we do various maneuvers and get the feel of the aircraft controls… This is actually much more tricky than you might think, give it a shot sometime; it is an excellent challenge of your piloting abilities. (If you haven’t done this before, bring a CFI along and ensure you comply with all proper rules related to performing slow flight.)
Since this (70 knots) is EXACTLY how each approach is going to feel, it is vitally important that students feel comfortable in this scenario. “Old school” instructors will say that slow flight is only MCA. Don’t get me wrong MCA is extremely important, but a confident student that understands the value in my 70 knot exercise is much more likely to be successful in flying stabilized approaches and traffic patterns. After my students spend time maneuvering the aircraft at 70 knots and we return to the airport, during the approach I explain the value in what we just did, illustrating how we slow to 70 knots for the approach. A recap during the post flight discussion ties what we did with why we did it and this allows the student to capture the real value of the flight training activity.
- Lastly, it is important for you to understand how completing each flight lesson has moved you closer to your flight training goals, in other words what was the benefit of completing this lesson? (See my previous post on PROPER flight training goals HERE) Everything done during flight training should be aligned with moving you closer to your training goals. Make sure that your flight instructor explains how you can use the skills and knowledge learned during each lesson in the future. Additionally, make sure you know how each flight lesson has helped you get you closer to your goals!
The more emphasis placed on the post flight debriefing, the more likely each flight training activity is to be successful. Going over the what, why and the benefit to each lesson doesn’t have to be incredibly involved. This can be completed while your flight instructor fills out your logbook or during the walk from the aircraft back into the flight school. Either way, make sure your flight instructor knows that you value this information and be sure to put the emphasis on how your knowing this will help make their job easier! Simply explaining that you want to be the best student possible and make their life easier should be enough to get any flight instructor to provide ALL of this information, plus a bunch more in all likelihood…
-Fly Safe, @MTElia1B9
This altricial is right on! The debrief is all to often too brief! As flight instructor we must set the pace for the training and that begins with the first lesson. Helping a flight student have realistic goals and understand their capabilities is key early on in the training process.